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Twenty-First Century Crusades?
Acts of terror increasing throughout
8: The Vatican demonstrating intolerance for the Muslims in Europe. Possibility
of the Pope speaking negatively toward the Muslim faith, its beliefs and the
Quran. He could conceivably call for a new "crusade" against Islam.
Norway suspect wanted anti-Muslim crusade
by Bjoern Amland and Sarah Dil Orenzo - AP
OSLO, Norway (AP) The man blamed for attacks on Norway's government
headquarters and a youth retreat that left at least 93 dead said he was
motivated by a desire to bring about a revolution in Norwegian society,
his lawyer said Sunday.
A manifesto published online which police are poring over and said was
posted the day of the attack ranted against Muslim immigration to
Europe and vowed revenge on "indigenous Europeans" who he accused of
betraying their heritage. It added that they would be punished for their
"treasonous acts." Police have not confirmed that their 32-year-old
Norwegian suspect, Anders Behring Breivik, wrote the document, but his
lawyer referred to it and said Breivik had been working on it for years.
The treatise ends with a detailed description of the plot, ending with a
note dated 12:51 p.m. on July 22: "I believe this will be my last
That day, a bomb killed seven people in downtown Oslo and, hours later,
a gunman opened fire on young people on Utoya island. Public broadcaster
NRK reported Sunday that the death toll in the shooting rose to 86.
That makes 93 people dead, and more than 90 wounded. There are still
people missing at both scenes. Six hearses pulled up at the shore of the
lake surrounding the island on Sunday, as rescuers on boats continued to
search for bodies in the water. Body parts remain inside the Oslo
building, which housed the prime minister's office.
Police and his lawyer have said that Breivik confessed to the twin
attacks, but denied criminal responsibility for a day that shook
peaceful Norway to its core and was the deadliest ever in peacetime. He
has been charged with terrorism and will be arraigned on Monday.
Police Chief Sveinung Sponheim said a forensics expert from Interpol
would join the investigation on Sunday.
In the manifesto, Breivik referred to the Knights Templar group.
European security officials said Sunday they were aware of increased
Internet chatter from individuals claiming they belonged to the group,
but were still investigating claims that Breivik, and other far-right
individuals, attended a London meeting of its members in 2002. The two
officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not
authorized to speak about the investigation.
The officials would also not immediately confirm that Breivik had come
on to their radar as a potential threat.
As authorities pursued the suspect's motives, Oslo mourned the victims.
Norway's King Harald V and his wife Queen Sonja and Prime Minister Jens
Stoltenberg joined mourners on Sunday at Oslo Cathedral, where the pews
were packed, and the crowd spilled into the plaza outside the building.
The area was strewn with flowers and candles, and people who could not
fit in the grand church huddled under umbrellas in a drizzle.
The king and queen both wiped tears from their eyes during the service
for "sorrow and hope."
After the service, people sobbed and hugged one another in the streets
as they streamed out of the cathedral. Many lingered over the memorial
of flowers and candles.
More was coming to light Sunday about the suspect of Friday's attacks,
who chose targets linked to Norway's left-leaning Labor Party, and
authorities have said Breivik held anti-Muslim views and posted on
Christian fundamentalist websites.
"He wanted a change in society and, from his perspective, he needed to
force through a revolution," Geir Lippestad, his lawyer, told public
broadcaster NRK. "He wished to attack society and the structure of
Lippestad said Breivik spent years writing the 1,500-page manifesto
entitled, "2083 - A European Declaration of Independence," that police
were examining. It was signed "Andrew Berwick." The date was referred to
later in the document as the year that coups d'etat would engulf Europe
and overthrow the elite he maligns.
Sponheim, the police chief, said there was no indication whether Breivik
had selected his targets or fired randomly on the island. The manifesto
vowed revenge on those who it accused of betraying Europe.
"We, the free indigenous peoples of Europe, hereby declare a pre-emptive
war on all cultural Marxist/multiculturalist elites of Western Europe.
... We know who you are, where you live and we are coming for you," the
document said. "We are in the process of flagging every single
multculturalist traitor in Western Europe. You will be punished for your
treasonous acts against Europe and Europeans."
The use of an anglicized pseudonym could be explained by a passage in
the manifesto describing the founding, in April 2002 in London, of a
group he calls a new Knights Templar. The Knights Templar was a medieval
order founded to protect Christian pilgrims in the Holy Land after the
A 12-minute video clip posted on YouTube with the same title as the
manifesto featured symbolic imagery of the Knights Templar and crusader
kings as well as slides suggesting Europe is being overrun by Muslims.
Police could not confirm that Breivik had posted the video, which also
featured photographs of him dressed in a formal military uniform and in
a wet suit pointing an assault rifle.
The video was a series of slides that accused the left in Europe of
allowing Muslims to overrun the continent: One image showed the BBC's
logo with the "C'' changed into an Islamic crescent. Another declared
that the end result of the left's actions would be an "EUSSR."
Police spokesman John Fredriksen confirmed that the essay was posted the
day of the attacks. The document signaled an attack was imminent: "In
order to successfully penetrate the cultural Marxist/multiculturalist
media censorship, we are forced to employ significantly more brutal and
breathtaking operations, which will result in casualties."
In the last 100 pages, the manifesto apparently lays out details of the
author's social and personal life, including steroid use and an
intention to solicit prostitutes in the days before the attack.
Also Sunday, police conducted raids in an Oslo neighborhood on Sunday.
Some people were briefly pulled out of buildings to allow for the search
of explosives, but were later released. Police spokesman Henning Holtaas
said no explosives were found.
Witnesses at the island youth retreat described the way Breivik lured
them close by saying he was a police officer before raising his weapons.
People hid and fled into the water to escape the rampage; some played
While some on the island reported that there was a second assailant and
police said they were looking into that, Lippestad, the lawyer, said his
client claims to have acted alone.
Police took 90 minutes from the first shot to reach the island delayed
because they did not have quick access to a helicopter and struggled to
find boats once they reached the lake. Breivik surrendered when they
reached him, but before slaying at least 85 people. Another seven were
killed in the bombing.
Divers continued to comb the lake waters around Utoya Island where some
600 young people were attending a Labor Party summer retreat when it
came under attack, amid fears people may have drowned while trying to
swim to safety.
Police said the bomb used in the Oslo blast was a mixture of fertilizer
and fuel used to blow up a federal building in the U.S. in 1995. A farm
supply store said Saturday they had alerted police that Breivik bought
six metric tons of fertilizer, which can be used in homemade bombs.
The twin attacks have rattled largely peaceful Norway, home to the Nobel
Prize for Peace and where the average policeman patrolling in the
streets doesn't carry a firearm.
Norwegians pride themselves on the openness of their society and cherish
the idea of free expression. In recent years, the prosperous Nordic
nation has opened its arms to thousands of conflict refugees from
Pakistan, Iraq and Somalia.
DiLorenzo reported from Stockholm. Associated Press writers Ian
MacDougall and Derl McCrudden in Oslo, and Louise Nordstrom and Karl
Ritter in Stockholm, and Paisley Dodds in London contributed.