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Leaders plotting EU superstate: 'Fiscal union' looms... with the Germans
by James Chapman, Political Editor
European leaders are edging closer to a federal union in response to the
financial crisis engulfing the Continent.
In crisis talks yesterday, Britain and the US joined forces to urge
Germany to create a central Brussels body that could assume sovereignty
over individual countries’ budgets and fiscal policies.
There is growing frustration in London and Washington at Germany’s
reluctance to take steps towards a single economic government and put
its vast resources behind the struggling countries in the eurozone.
Their fears were aired yesterday in a conference call between finance
ministers from the G7 group of leading nations.
Four EU leaders have been asked to draft proposals for a deeper eurozone
fiscal union, to be presented to an EU summit at the end of this month.
Senior Tory MPs are to press David Cameron to hold a referendum on
Britain’s future in Europe if the moves go ahead.
They insist the Government must seek a mandate from voters to demand
that key powers are repatriated from Brussels to Westminster in exchange
for agreeing to treaty changes that would allow eurozone countries to
They fear a core eurozone, led by Germany, would be in a powerful
position to push whatever policies it wanted affecting the rest of the
The Prime Minister and Chancellor George Osborne have long argued that a
single currency can only work if the eurozone creates an effective
They believe that for any single currency to work, richer areas must pay
to support poorer ones.
Britain would stand outside any such arrangement, and Mr Cameron refused
to sign a treaty taking more tentative steps towards a fiscal union last
But senior Conservatives say such a move would so fundamentally alter
the balance of power and daily running of the EU that a referendum would
have to be offered to determine whether British voters wanted to remain
in Europe’s ‘slow lane’.
Up to ten chairmen of Commons select committees are understood to be
preparing to call for a popular vote on Britain’s future place in the EU
if a fiscal union goes ahead.
Some believe Britain should leave the EU in such circumstances, while
others argue that a demand for a looser relationship with Brussels would
be given greater force if endorsed in a referendum.
Conservative MP Bernard Jenkin, chairman of the public administration
select committee, said: ‘Clearly the European Union becoming a
federation which expressly does not include the UK is a dramatic change
in the terms of our relationship with our EU partners.
‘The Government needs to lay its demands on the table so British law and
British taxpayers’ money are both protected by a sovereign UK
‘Any new arrangements should be subject to a referendum.’
The Coalition has changed the law to ensure that no more powers can be
passed from Westminster to Brussels without a referendum. But it is far
from clear that one would be triggered if the eurozone countries decide
to pool sovereignty.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel confirmed this week that measures to
create a closer union for countries in the euro were being considered.
‘The world wants to know how we see the political union in complement to
the currency union,’ she said.
‘That requires an answer in the foreseeable future and Germany will be a
very constructive partner.’
Berlin does not expect to take final decisions on strengthening economic
policy coordination until March 2013, with only a ‘roadmap’ being agreed
at the Brussels summit this month.